What are the topics in grade 7 math

Students in 6th grade are building the foundation for the math they will be working on in 7th and 8th grade. Many of the concepts are a continuation of the 6th grade work and dive deeper into the understanding and development leading up to algebra. Students in 7th and 8th grade are preparing themselves for the work they will be completing in high school in both algebra and geometry. These building blocks will be pivotal in their overall understanding and success at the high school level.

1. Number System. In 7th grade, students will fully understand how to interpret and compute all rational numbers. They can add, subtract, multiply, and divide all decimals and fractions, as well as represent percents. They compute both positive and negative numbers using all four basic operations and interpret the meaning of absolute value. In 8th grade, students move beyond rational numbers to irrational numbers. They understand the concept of decimal expansion and can interpret and find both rational and irrational numbers on a number line.

Encourage your child to:

  • Use number lines when calculating with both positive and negative numbers. Having a vertical and/or horizontal number line available when doing homework can be very helpful.
  • Mentally estimate and calculate tips, sales tax, and sale percentages when shopping and eating out.
  • Interpret positive and negative numbers in real life such as with temperature, debt/owing money, negative and positive charges, win/losses, etc.
  • Recognize rational and irrational numbers.

2. Expressions & Equations.  Student’s expectations jump greatly in 7th and 8th grade when learning about expressions and equations. They begin to use variables and solve multi-step real-world problems. Students interpret inequalities and graph them accordingly. They are preparing for algebra by looking at and understanding linear equations and finding slope of a table, graph, and equation.

Encourage your child to:

  • Distinguish between an equality and inequality (>,<, >, <) using variables:
    • equality: 4s + 20 = 46
    • inequality: 4s + 20 < 46
  • Look at and solve multi-step real-world problems using variables. For example, As a salesperson, you are paid $50 per week plus $3 per sale. This week you want your pay to be at least $100. Write an inequality for the number of sales you need to make, and describe the solutions.
  • Explore and examine different types of graphs and tables either online or in the newspaper. 
  • Understand the meaning of slope and how to find it using a graph, table, or equation:

3. Geometry. Students focus greatly on geometry vocabulary and using their vocabulary accurately in their writing. They extend their understanding of volume and area to calculate surface area of 2-D and 3-D objects. They also learn the formulas for the area and circumference of a circle. In 8th grade, they learn the Pythagorean Theorem and apply it to real-world and mathematical problems. Students also must know the formulas for finding the volume of cones, spheres, and cylinders.

Encourage your child to:

  • Use appropriate vocabulary when describing different polygons and geometric properties. For example: supplementary angles: two angles that add up to 180°. 
  • Create vocabulary cards for all their math vocabulary and practice them weekly.
  • Find different 2-D and 3-D objects in the real world and discuss the difference between find the surface area and volume of each object.
  • Understand the Pythagorean Theorem and how to use it in the real-world:

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4. Functions. In 8th grade students will begin to learn about functions. Students will define, compare, and evaluate functions. They will use functions to model relationships between different quantities. They will compare functions algebraically, graphically, numerically in tables, or by verbal descriptions.

Encourage your child to:

  • Analyze and explore functions on a graph and in tables.
  • Understand that a function is a rule that to each input exactly one output.
  • Interpret functions in real-world scenarios and how that would look in table, graph, and equation:

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Have any questions about these concepts or any other questions on your child’s math? Submit them to Jennifer here so she can consider answering in an upcoming blog. Or share them with us on the Scholastic Parents Facebook Page.

Featured Photo Credit: © DragonImages/Thinkstock

7th Grade Math Curriculum

Your kid is grown up and has joined Grade 7! Now that they have mastered numbers Grade 1, its time to upgrade them to learning with decimal numbers starting with addition, subtraction, multiplication & division. Grade 7 Math improves children’s understanding of arithmetic, number values, linear measurements, and shape compositions.

With appealing visualizations, Cuemath makes learning these concepts fun & enjoyable!

Personalized Online Live Math Tuitions for Grade 7

Grade 7 students start off their learning with integers, then proceed to rational numbers and algebraic expressions. The online tutors with Cuemath pay personalized attention to every kid, ensuring that kids are thorough with the concepts. Your child will be tutored by the best math experts in a live, online classroom. Each tuition lesson will slowly improve your kid’s Math proficiency.

Are Online Math Tuitions needed for my child in Grade 7?

Perhaps your seventh-grader needs a little extra help understanding fractions and percentages. Or maybe he’s ready to tackle Geometry. Whatever the case, our Grade 7 online tuition classes with Cuemath Tutors will help tackle any problem. The live online classes are designed to teach, challenge, and boost the confidence of budding Mathematicians. One of the most important things to understand about your kid in Grade 7 is that the more he practices in online tuitions, the faster he will grasp the formulas and techniques to get ahead. Get your child enrolled in Cuemath online classes today, and see a difference right after a couple of tuitions!

>> Visualize Math with Interactive 7th Grade Math Worksheets

Cuemath tuitions are conducted by the best tutors

It is essential for kids to learn with confidence, especially at a delicate age when they are in Grade 8. Math can be challenging & surprising at the same time. It is absolutely essential that your child learn from the best tutor, and finds a path to success. Cuemath tutors will help you and your child discover the best of Grade 8 Math. Our online tuitions can help smooth out the learning curve for your kids and bring out the best in them.

So what are you waiting for? Help your Grade 8 kid fall in love with Math instead of dreading the subject. Tutor them online with Cuemath!

We at Time4Learning view ourselves as partners with parents in ensuring that students finish middle school with the skills they need to be successful in high school level courses. For mathematics, in particular, that means providing a standards-based program that is focused on the major math concepts while using many different types of multimedia tools to engage students and inspire a greater interest in mathematics.

What Do 7th Graders Learn in Math?

A seventh grade math curriculum should cover all the math strands, not just arithmetic. The major math strands for seventh grade curriculum are:

  • Number sense and operations
  • Algebra
  • Geometry and spatial sense
  • Ratio and proportional relationships
  • Data analysis
  • Probability

The ideal math curriculum for 7th grade should be based on these standards while engaging students with fun and varied activities.

Learn more about Time4Learning’s seventh grade math lessons below.

7th Grade Math Goals and Objectives

A comprehensive 7th grade math curriculum will ensure that students are covering each of these learning targets:

  • Develop an understanding of operations with rational numbers.
  • Accurately represent rational numbers with decimals.
  • Analyze proportional relationships and use them to solve real-world and mathematical problems.
  • Draw, construct, and describe geometrical figures and describe the relationships between them.
  • Solve real-world and mathematical problems involving angle measure, area, and volume.
  • Extend use of the four basic arithmetic operations on whole numbers, fractions, mixed numbers, and decimals.
  • Interpret and analyze data presented in a variety of forms.
  • Use properties of operations to generate equivalent equations.
  • Solve real-world and mathematical problems using numerical and algebraic expressions, equations, and inequalities.

Time4Learning’s 7th Grade Math Lesson Plans

Why Choose T4L Seventh Grade Math Homeschool Curriculum?

Time4Learning’s standards-based curriculum covers all of the 7th grade math learning targets listed above, plus many, many more. It is designed to help students develop conceptual understanding of math while improving their ability to apply mathematics to solve problems.  This approach prepares students for the study of more advanced mathematics in later years.

Learn more about our online seventh grade curriculum, designed to help your child learn and master their fundamental concepts.

These compilations of lessons suitable for 7th Grade and 8th Grade include Integers, Exponents and Roots, Algebra, Rational and Irrational Numbers, Absolute Values, Scientific Notation, Transformation, Percents, Linear Functions, Linear Inequalities, Geometry, Trigonometry, Construction, Probability, and Statistics.


Exponents And Roots

Rational And Irrational Numbers

Absolute Value

Scientific Notation



Linear Functions

Linear Inequalities


Angles And Transversals


Area Of Composite Figures

Volumes Of Solids

Surface Areas

Congruence And Similarity

Similar Triangles And Polygons





Miscellaneous Math Games

Try the free Mathway calculator andproblem solver below to practice various math topics. Try the given examples, or type in your ownproblem and check your answer with the step-by-step explanations.
Mathway Calculator Widget

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Written by Jane