List out open source and closed source software
1. Open Source Software :
Open source software refers to the computer software which source is open means the general public can access and use. In short it is referred as OSS. The source code of open source software is public. It uses the code freely available on the Internet. This code can be modified by other users and organizations means that the source code is available for anyone to look at. The price of open source software is very less and there is no so much restrictions on users based on usability and modification of software.
Some examples of open source software are Firefox, OpenOffice, Gimp, Alfresco, Android, Zimbra, Thunderbird, MySQL, Mailman, Moodle, TeX, Samba, Perl, PHP, KDE etc.
2. Closed Source Software :
Closed source software refers to the computer software which source code is closes means public is not given access to the source code. In short it is referred as CSS. In closed source software the source code is protected. The only individual or organization who has created the software can only change it. The price of closed source software is high and users need to have valid and authenticated license to use the software. As is issues an authenticated license so it also put a lot restrictions on users based on usability and modification of software.
Some examples of closed source software are Skype, Google earth, Java, Adobe Flash, Virtual Box, Adobe Reader, Microsoft office, Microsoft Windows, WinRAR, mac OS, Adobe Flash Player etc.
Difference between Open Source Software and Closed Source Software :
S.No.OPEN SOURCE SOFTWARECLOSED SOURCE SOFTWARE01.Open source software refers to the computer software which source is open means the general public can access and use.Closed source software refers to the computer software which source code is closes means public is not given access to the source code.02.Open Source Software in short also referred as OSS.Closed Source Software in short also referred as CSS.03.The source code of open source software is public.In closed source software the source code is protected.04.This code can be modified by other users and organizations means that the source code is available for anyone to look at.The only individual or organization who has created the software can only modify the code.05.The price of open source software is very less.The price of closed source software is high.06.There is no so much restrictions on users based on usability and modification of software.There is so much restrictions on users based on usability and modification of software.07.Programmers compete with each other for recognition.Programmers do not compete with each other for recognition.08.Programmers freely provide improvement for recognition if their improvement is accepted.Programmers are hired by the software firm/organization to improve the software.09.If the program is popular then very large number of programmers may work on the project.There is a limitation on the number of programmers/team who will work on the project.10.It is purchased with its source code.It is not purchased with its source code.11.Open software can be installed into any computer.Closed software needs have a valid license before installation into any computer.12.Open source software fails fast and fix faster.Closed source software has no room for failure.13.In closed source software no one is responsible for the software.In closed source software the vendor is responsible if anything happened to software.14.Examples are Firefox, OpenOffice, Gimp, Alfresco, Android, Zimbra, Thunderbird, MySQL, Mailman, Moodle, TeX, Samba, Perl, PHP, KDE etc.Examples are Skype, Google earth, Java, Adobe Flash, Virtual Box, Adobe Reader, Microsoft office, Microsoft Windows, WinRAR, mac OS, Adobe Flash Player etc.
My Personal Notes
TitleOriginal releaseRelicensed releaseInitial free relicenseNotes3D Movie Maker19952022MITThe source code and assets for entire program (minus fonts) was uploaded to GitHub on May 4, 2022 under the MIT License. AdvFS1990s2008GPL-2.0-onlyHP opened up AdvFS from Tru64 UNIX.AOLserver1999GPL / modified MPL Apus Game Engine20082020BSD-3-ClauseReleased to the public by the developer after reaching a Patreon goal. The source code for Astral Heroes (one of the games using the engine) was released to patrons.Astrolog19912015GPL-2.0-or-later / custom permissiveHas always been freeware and open source, but had a custom attribution demanding permissive license.Atom20142014MITBDS C Compiler19792002Public domainReleased by authorBitKeeper20002016Apache-2.0Bitstream Vera (font)2003customThrough the efforts of Bitstream and the GNOME FoundationBlades of Exile19972007CPL-1.0Relicensed to the GPL-2.0-only at some point between 14 May 2007 and 12 June 2007.Blender19962003GPL-2.0-or-laterBlitzBASIC (Blitz3D, BlitzPlus, BlitzMax)20012014ZlibBlitzPlus was released as Open Source on 28 April 2014 under the Zlib license on github.com. Blitz3D follow on 3 August 2014. BlitzMax was open sourced on 21 September 2015.BRender19952022MITSource code for 1997 and 1998 versions released under the MIT License on GitHub on May 3, 2022. The source code for 3D Movie Maker, a computer program using the engine was also released under the same license. Cemu20152022MPL-2.0Source code released under the Mozilla Public License 2.0 on August 24, 2022. ChakraCore20092016MITOn 13 January 2016 Microsoft released ChakraCore under the MIT license on GitHub. ChakraCore is essentially the same as the Chakra engine that powers the Microsoft Edge browser, but with platform-agnostic bindings, i.e. without the specific interfaces utilised within the Windows Universal App platform. CodeXL2016MIT Dink Smallwood19982003zlib-likeSome game data (e.g. sounds) not released under a free license. Duke Nukem 3D19962003GPL-2.0-or-laterGame code only, no data, no engine.Etherpad20082009Apache-2.0Open sourced after being purchased by Google FAR Manager19962007BSD-3-ClauseVersion 2.0 released as open source.File Manager (Windows)1990April 2018MITOn 6 April 2018, Microsoft released binaries and the source code, licensed under the MIT license, for an improved version of File Manager able to be run on Windows 10. This version included changes such as the ability to compile in modern versions of Visual Studio, the ability to compile as a 64-bit application, and numerous usability improvements. FoundationDB20132018Apache-2.0Apple Inc. acquired the founding company in March 2015 and discontinued downloads of the software. In April 2018, Apple open-sourced the database and resumed downloads.Game-Maker19912014MITAfter some consultation with the user base, on 12 July 2014 original coder Andy Stone released the Game-Maker 3.0 source code on GitHub, under the MIT license.GGPO20062019MITOn 9 October 2019 Cannon announced on his Twitter account that GGPO was now open source and available under the MIT license. GEM family19851999GPLDevelopment continued as OpenGEM and FreeGEM.Gentium (font)20022005OFLThrough the efforts of SIL International Glitch20112013CC0After Glitch was officially shut down on 9 December 2012, the artwork and most of the source code was released under the CC0 license on 18 November 2013. On 9 December 2014, a fan project to relaunch Glitch under the name Eleven began alpha testing. ILWIS19882007GPL-2.0-onlyReleased as free and open-source software by ITC id Tech 219961999GPL-2.0-or-laterThe released version is the source code to Quake. The map sources were also released under the GPL in 2006.[
] In 2000 the source for Hexen II (another game using the id Tech 2 engine) was released under the GPL-2.0-only license.id Tech 2.519972001GPL-2.0-or-laterThe released version is the source code to Quake II. id Tech 420042011GPL-3.0-or-laterThe released version is the source code to Doom 3. Changes to the code had to be made to avoid use of the patented Carmack’s Reverse. Inform19932022Artistic-2.0Source code for Inform 7 v10.1.0 released on GitHub under the Artistic-2.0 license on April 28, 2022.JaikuEngine20062009Apache-2.0Java19952006–2007GPL-2.0-onlyOn 13 November 2006, Sun Microsystems released much of Java as free software under the terms of the GPL-2.0-only license. On 8 May 2007 Sun finished the process, making all of Java’s core code free and open-source, aside from a small portion of code to which Sun did not hold the copyright.Jumper 2.020072008GPLPublicly announced on 29 September 2008,KornShell19822000custom; now CPL LightZone20052012BSD-3-ClauseCompany went out of business Mari020122018MITDeveloped using the LÖVE framework and originally available under the CC-BY-NC-SA-3.0 license, it was relicensed to the MIT license on September 29, 2018.MiniPanzer and MegaPanzerGPLThe source code of the programs was released under the GPL in 2009 by their author, who retained the copyright.MINIX19872000BSD-3-Clause MS-DOS 1.25 and 2.01982–19832018MITOriginally uploaded by the Computer History Museum in 2014 under a non-commercial license, on 28 September 2018, Microsoft uploaded the source code to GitHub under the MIT license. OpenWRT?2003GPLAs Linksys built the firmware for their WRT54G wireless router also from GPL’ed code, they were required to make the source code available in July 2003. Pinball Construction Set1982–19832013MITSource code for the Atari 800 port was released by Bill Budget on 12 February 2013 upon the recovery by Electronic Arts of the original floppies containing the source code. On 24 February 2013, the source code for the original Apple II version was released. PowerShell2006August 2016MITOpen sourced by Microsoft in August 2016 on GitHub.Qt19911999QPLFirst released as open source under the QPL license. Later released under the GPL license. Qt 4.5 and later are released under the LGPL license. Until 2005 the Windows version was only under a proprietary license.RakNet20032014BSD-2-ClauseOculus VR acquired RakNet and open-sourced it shortly after.Rebol19972012Apache-2.0Following the discussion with Lawrence Rosen, the Rebol version 3 interpreter was released under the Apache-2.0 license on 12 December 2012.Rise of the Triad19942002GPL-2.0-or-laterOnly the code was released under the GPL-2.0-or-later license. Sandboxie20042020GPL-3.0-or-laterThe final 5.40 version was a source code-only release, published a year after Sophos announced its discontinuation of development.Second Life client20032007GPL-2.0 SimCity19892007GPL-3.0-or-laterFree version released as ‘Micropolis’ Solar2D20092019GPL-3.0Originally released under the GPL-3.0 license (with an option for a commercial license), the following year it was re-licensed under the MIT license.Solaris19892005CDDLFree version released as OpenSolaris, which was discontinued in 2010. Forked as Illumos.Soldat20022020MIT/CC-BY-4.0Originally limited to the game engine, assets followed shortly after under CC-BY-4.0 license. StarOffice19862000LGPL/SISSLFree version released as OpenOffice.org, later released only under the LGPL license. (OpenOffice.org was discontinued in 2011, but forks—most prominently LibreOffice (licensed under the MPL-2.0 license) and Apache OpenOffice (licensed under the Apache-2.0 license)—have become its dominant successors.) StarOffice was still released separately under a proprietary license, using mostly the same code, until its discontinuing in 2011; Sun required all contributors to the main OpenOffice.org project assign joint copyright to Sun.Star Ruler 220152018MIT / CC-BY-NCSource code and assets re-released to the public (except for music, which is kept proprietary). The assets are under a non-free CC-BY-NC license.Stride20142014GPL-3.0Originally released under the GPL-3.0 license (with an option for a commercial license), it became proprietary in 2017, and it was re-licensed to the MIT license in 2018. Synfig20012005GPL-2.0-or-laterSome more information is available on the Synfig history page.Tesseract OCR19852005Apache-2.0Released as free and open-source software by HP and UNLVTextSecure20102011GPL-3.0Since renamed to SignalTorque 2D/iTorque 2D2006–20092013MITA combination of Torque 2D and iTorque, named Torque 2D MIT, was released under the MIT license by GarageGames. The source code for Larva Mortus, a game using the engine, was released on 1 May 2009 under a non-free non-commercial license.Torque 3D20012012MITDeveloped for Tribes 2. Released as free and open-source software by GarageGames.TurboCASH19852003GPLTwo Tribes Engine20072021GPL-2.0-onlyOn December 17, 2021, Two Tribes released the source code to their in-house game engine under the terms of the GPL-2.0-only license (with an option for a proprietary license). Windows Calculator19852019MITWindows 1.0, released in November 1985, included the first iteration of Windows Calculator. In March 2019, Microsoft released the source code of Windows Calculator under the MIT license.Windows Console2019MITIn 2019, the Windows Console infrastructure was open-sourced under the MIT license, alongside Windows Terminal. Wire20142016GPL-3.0 XMind20072008EPL and LGPLMindmapping software based on the Eclipse RCP ZFS200?2005CDDLReleased by Sun Microsystems under an open-source license in 2005. Due to a FSF announced license incompatibility of the GPL with the CDDL, ZFS wasn’t directly integrated in Linux, but in the BSDs or MacOS due to their permissive licensed kernel which offers better license compatibility. After the later owner Oracle didn’t release after version 28, the community forked to OpenZFS.