How long does it take to send bitcoin on blockchain

On the Bitcoin network, the average confirmation time for a BTC payment is about 10 minutes. However, transaction times can vary wildly — and here, we’re going to explain why.

Ahhh blockchain. It’s the future of money, you know. But even though cash sent through old-fashioned banks often hit accounts instantly, a Bitcoin transaction can take a *little bit* longer.

How Long Does Bitcoin Take to Send?

On the Bitcoin network, the average confirmation time for a BTC payment is about 10 minutes. However, transaction times can vary wildly.

This is because it is affected by factors such as the total network activity, hashrate and transaction fees. If the Bitcoin network is congested, there will be a backlog of transactions in the mempool.

This would result users paying more in transaction fees to get transactions to go through faster. This occured in April 2021, where average Bitcoin transaction fees reached $59

What Is a Bitcoin Mempool?

A mempool is a record of all Bitcoin transactions that have not yet been validated by a miner and added to the next block on the blockchain. A mempool is temporarily stored on each individual node in the network.

Mempool transactions are periodically cleared each time a new block is added to the blockchain. Pending transactions waiting in mempools will only be cleared (processed) once they meet the minimum transaction fee threshold.

Transactions with low fees will often have to “wait” more than one block in the mempool until they are processed and confirmed.

Bitcoin Verification

Did you know that you could end up waiting hours before a transaction on the Bitcoin blockchain is completed?

In some ways, using a cryptocurrency is like driving down a freeway. A high number of BTC transactions means there’s going to be a lot of congestion, slowing everything down.

Paying bigger Bitcoin transaction fees is a surefire way to jump to the front of the queue and cut wait times. It’s the equivalent of passing through traffic with a police escort. 

When you are sending Bitcoin , you need to incentivize miners on the blockchain to include your transaction in the next block — especially when the mempool is full. Given how block sizes are fixed at 1MB and there’s a limited number of miners, you may end up having to pay a much higher fee to get first-class treatment.

How Many Confirmation Is Needed for Bitcoin Transaction?

Once a new transaction is verified and included in a new block, it will count as one confirmation. After an average of 10 minutes, another block will be created with that transaction, which will count two confirmation. Some services only require one confirmation, while some exchanges required 3 or more BTC confirmations.

For Binance , 1 block confirmation is needed for BTC deposits, while 2 block confirmations is needed for Bitcoin withdrawals.

For Coinbase , it requires 3 block confirmations before considering the BTC transaction final.

How Long Does a Bitcoin Transaction Confirmation Take?

A Bitcoin transaction often goes through several confirmations on the blockchain before it is fully cleared. That’s because there’s a risk that unconfirmed transactions could be reversed, or the cryptocurrency could be spent twice. A confirmation takes place whenever a new block is created.

If you’re transferring a big amount of cryptocurrency to a company, some will require as many as six confirmations. How long would this transaction for the transfer take to confirm? About an hour.

Remember, each time you send a transaction, you are making a transfer (or transfers) and you need to wait until the transfer is “confirmed” by the miners.

How to Check Bitcoin Transaction Time

There are some great tools out there which can give you an estimate of the average time it’ll take to complete a BTC transaction or transfer, like and Statista . You can also get guidance on the transaction fees you should add — often denoted in the form of satoshis (there are 100,000,000 satoshis in one Bitcoin).

If you submit a Bitcoin transaction with lower fees, you have a real risk of upsetting Bitcoin miners. They’ll throw a tantrum (or, in reality, will just ignore your lower transaction fees in favor of higher ones) and it’s possible your payment will end up languishing in a long list of unconfirmed transactions. However, you shouldn’t worry too much, as it will get processed whenever there’s a massive lull on the Bitcoin blockchain and miners have nothing else to do.

How to Check if Bitcoin Transaction Is Verified?

To check if your Bitcoin transaction has been validated by miners, you can do so through a blockchain explorer . For instance, by using CoinMarketCap blockchain explorer and inputting the Bitcoin transaction hash , you are able to see the status of your Bitcoin transaction and whether it is valid.

How to Speed Up Bitcoin Transaction

The long confirmation time associated with a Bitcoin transaction or transfer gives some BTC enthusiasts sleepless nights. They worry the blockchain won’t be able to cope with demand in years to come. (Fun fact: this was one of the main reasons why Bitcoin Cash was created).

Besides increasing your transaction fee to get ahead of the queue, another way to speed up your Bitcoin transaction is to transfer during off-peak periods for avoid congestion. On explorer , the mempool size chart shows when the number of unconfirmed transactions is at its lowest.

Will BTC Transactions Ever Be Faster?

Scaling solutions such as the Lightning Network aim to solve this problem by adding another layer on top of the Bitcoin blockchain to speed things up. It aims to introduce the capability of micropayments that are cheap and fast, solving a major scalability issue of Bitcoin.

Another alternative to Bitcoin fees is to use a different cryptocurrency, such as Ethereum or Litecoin , that are known for faster transactions, aka faster confirmations after transfers. It’s fairly easy to transfer Bitcoins to other digital assets on an exchange

We hope you’ve enjoyed our FAQ about how long a Bitcoin transaction takes to be confirmed. By following our advice, you’ll be out of the Bitcoin mempool in no time.

Here Is Why Bitcoin Transactions Take So Long

Bitcoin’s popularity continues to rise, even amidst massive global tensions. More people are interested in learning about Bitcoin and the complex advantages of digital assets.

The decentralized digital asset runs transactions without dealing with any involvement of central banks or administrators. This is one of the best features that Bitcoin flaunts and that boosts the digital asset’s popularity.

It also promotes financial freedom, which is vital for people, especially in the present times.

Bitcoin transactions are confirmed by entities called network nodes. This is done via cryptography and recorded in the blockchain. The transactions are not taking place instantly, and below, we’ll address why they might take some time.

How Bitcoin transactions work

Network nodes verify Bitcoin transactions with the help of cryptography.

The transaction is recorded on the blockchain. Even though Bitcoin transactions look simple, the process is complex, but it’s worth understanding it.

A few steps have to be checked for the transaction to be complete and successful. The required steps, once completed, will confirm the receiver receives the amount.

These steps are made using the Bitcoin wallet and network.Here are the elements that transactions follow:

  • Registration as a transaction that has an input – the Bitcoin address of the sender
  • The transaction output – the Bitcoin address of the receiver
  • The amount of Bitcoin that is sent

Transactions are collected into blocks. A Bitcoin transaction usually references the prior transaction output as a new transaction input.

The transactions are not encrypted, which means that it’s possible to search and view the transactions collected into blocks.

Bitcoin transaction times

In most cases, a Bitcoin transaction is confirmed within one hour.

Most people call a transaction successful with a minimum of six confirmations. Another five blocks must be mined on top of the block that contains the transaction.

On average, a new block is mined every ten minutes. That’s why in most cases, you’ll have to wait for about one hour.

However, this is not always the case.

It is only applicable when the miner who mined the block has prioritized the transaction and added it to the block. If not, the transactions will be delayed and remain unconfirmed.

Factors that influence Bitcoin transactions

The main factors that influence the period of a Bitcoin transaction are:

  • Transaction fees
  • Network activity
  • Hash rate
  • Network attacks

Transaction fees

Bitcoin transactions involve the process called mining. This process requires payback due to the efforts that miners are making.

In other words, Bitcoin transactions charge an extra fee called the transaction fee. Paying more fees can help you get the transaction confirmed quicker.

There’s no official transaction fee required, but miners prioritize transactions with a fee. It increases their reward per block.

All in all, Bitcoin transactions are subject to charges and additional fees.

These fees exist mainly because the mining process needs significant effort and tech. Fees encourage miners for faster validation of the transaction process.

Network activity

Bitcoin transactions are sent into a large queue called a mempool – a memory pool. In the mempool, transactions reside until the miners mine them.

From time to time, many transactions are sent to the mempool simultaneously. Some transactions have to wait for a longer time to be included in the next block.

Sometimes, transfers can be rejected by the mempool, and this usually happens due to low fees.

Bitcoin can only handle a maximum of seven transactions per second.

Hash rate

Another factor that can lead to the delay of the transaction confirmation is the lack of miners. Miners are not willing to mine new blocks when they are not getting enough rewards for their efforts.

When the hash rate decreases abruptly, there are not enough miners to quickly mine new blocks and confirm every transaction.

Spam attacks

Bitcoin has been the center of interest for hackers for a long time. Spam and dusting attacks are other factors that can affect network transactions.

During a spam attack, the bad actor will continuously try to put loads on the mempool. The hacker will use the help of transactions with low fees to pull down the network.

Bitcoin Transaction Confirmation FAQ

How long does a Bitcoin transaction usually take?

All Bitcoin transactions need six confirmations in the blockchain from miners before being processed. In most cases, Bitcoin transactions need 1 to 1.5 hours to complete.

What’s the longest time that a BTC transaction can take?

The minimum time for a Bitcoin transaction is 2 minutes, according to the recorded timestamps, and the maximum is 6:02 hours.

Official data notes that the confirmation time with a 99.98% probability is somewhere between 7 minutes and 3:44 hours.

Why is my transaction still pending on the blockchain?

If a Bitcoin transaction is pending on the blockchain, these are possible reasons:

  • The transaction could be still in the process
  • The transaction failed
  • You sent the transaction to an incorrect address
  • The transaction involves another Blockchain

Does SegWit decrease confirmation times?

The answer to this question is technically no; it does not change the amount of time that is needed for blocks to confirm. But, it’s still important to note the fact that the transactions using SegWit are cheaper due to their smaller size. Segregated Witness (SegWit) refers to a change in the transaction format that Bitcoin has.

This means that the fees that you would pay for an old Bitcoin transaction sending the same amount of coins are higher compared to SegWit.

You can put the money that you save into paying more fees in order to increase the chance that the transaction ends up in the next block.

How do I get a stuck transaction unstuck?

There are more ways to fix a stuck transaction. One of them involves doing a replace by fee transaction. The other way is to do a Child-Pays-for-Parent (CPFP) transaction.

You could also use a Bitcoin accelerator service, but these are very expensive. People who own a Ledger hardware wallet and use the Ledger Live app can prepare their transactions so that replacement by fee is possible.

How to speed Bitcoin transactions up

You can speed up confirmation times for transactions on the Bitcoin network. Here are some ways to do this.

But keep in mind that for six confirmations, you still have to wait for about an hour.

Replace-by-Fee (RBF)

You can speed up the likelihood that your transaction is included in the next block by increasing the fees that you pay for the transaction.

The easiest way to speed up transactions is to be proactive and include a high miner fee. This way, the transaction will be prioritized by the miners.

RBF is currently one of the most effective ways to clear your transaction from the mempool.

Use a transaction accelerator

Another way to speed up Bitcoin transactions is to use a transaction accelerator for Bitcoin. Various such platforms allow you to accelerate BTC transactions.

Most Bitcoin accelerators work similarly. Every time you make a transaction (send or receive Bitcoin from or to a wallet), this transaction is broadcasted onto the blockchain.

This is telling the miners that the transaction is ready and waiting for processing. After it has been processed, it’s marked as confirmed.

These confirmations are what you’re waiting for when you spend your Bitcoin. They prove that your Bitcoins were sent and received.

Bitcoin accelerators will rebroadcast your transactions across many global digital nodes. This will place the transaction back in the queue and remind miners that it’s ready for processing. Some services shortcut this because they automatically add it to the next block.

Child-Pays-for-Parent (CPFP)

Unlike the Replace-By-Fee method that works for delayed sent payments, this option clears received transactions. Child-Pays-for-Parent entails creating a new transaction called Child using the funds of the delayed transaction called Parent.

Afterward, the transaction will be resent with a higher fee. Both transactions must be mined for the option to work. Miners usually include them into the block if the miner’s fee is high enough. This option requires a wallet that supports this functionality.

Final Thoughts

Bitcoin is not a physical entity. It’s not a solid coin, token, or paper slip. Instead, Bitcoin is a virtual asset involving a chain of transactions that have been confirmed on the blockchain.

In the end, several factors determine the speed with which your transaction will be mined. The good thing is, if you add a large enough fee, miners will prioritize your transaction.

The editorial content of OriginStamp AG does not constitute a recommendation for investment or purchaseadvice. In principle, an investment can also lead to a total loss. Therefore, please seek advice beforemaking an investment decision.

Written by Jane